Using Euclidean Rhythms to Create New Beat Patterns

Ever get stuck and find yourself tapping away at a beat grid to find something new and exciting? Just looking for something to get you musically unstuck? Today I’m going to give you a rundown of creating new beats using the Euclidean Algorithm. Don’t stop reading, the math behind this post is going to be kept to a minimum. In fact, we’ll forget it almost as fast as it’s explained. First, I’ll cover the basics of the Euclidean Algorithm. Next I’ll get right to showing you a quick way to create a beat using the process defined in the algorithm (with no math!). From there we’ll branch of into various ways to view and manipulate the results for alternative beats using what is called polygon notation. Finally, I’ll show you some pretty interesting things that can happen when you take these methods and combine them across kit pieces in your favorite DAW/Drum editor.

Euclid and the Euclidean Algorithm

Euclid was a Greek mathematician who lived between the 4th and 3rd century BC and is generally considered the primary creator of geometry. Among his many contributions is the Euclidean Algorithm which is used to calculate the greatest common divisor of two numbers. Essentially you take two numbers and replace the larger of the two by their difference until both are equal. The final result is the greatest common divisor. For instance given 6 and 16:

  • 16-6 = 10
  • 10-6 = 4
  • 6-4 = 2
  • 4-2 = 2

The greatest common divisor of 16 and 7 is 2. Now what does this math have to do with creating a beat? Not much. It’s the steps in this process I just showed that we are interested in more than the mathematics.

Your First Beat

Let’s take a simpler approach to the problem above using the numbers 3 and 8. Using the above algorithm, the breakdown is as follows:

  • 8-3 = 5
  • 5-3 = 2

The easiest way to approach this in a visual/musical way is to grab 3 dimes and 5 pennies to total 8 coins and lay them out as shown below.


Now this represents that we want to have 3 hits (the dimes) in an 8th note pattern (the complete measure). We always start with the number of beats followed by the difference to fill the measure. Implementing the same steps in the algorithm, we drag the coins down to subtract.

Eight minus three leaves five in the top row


That five minus the three below equals two


There are no more coins to subtract. We pull apart the resulting columns.


Now rotate each column counter-clockwise into a single row.


Look familiar?


How about now?


You’ve just created your first Euclidean Rhythm. Play with the above process using various numbers of dimes and study the outcome.

If you read a previous post about my random music creation system you will recall the discussion about dice used to create beats. In that post a die containing 2s and 3s (the foundations of musical rhythm) was rolled X times until a total measure was filled. This is a similar method however it favors an even distribution of beats over the measure finalizing with a remainder. Generally your first beats are usually going to be evenly spaced and the last beat(s) shorter at the tail end of the measure unless the total beats are evenly divided by the desired beat count (i.e. 16/4=4). The method of even distribution provided by the Euclidean algorithm lends itself well to a balanced beat however using the algorithm always produces the same result when you provide the algorithm the same numbers. Let’s now look at this beat in a different way to see how we can switch up things a little.


The image below is the same drumbeat shown in polygon notation along with our coin-based representation.


In polygon notation, the number of beats are evenly distributed around a circle while the rhythmic pulses are points plotted on the circle. The points can be connected to form a shape. Polygon notation is a rather easy method for visualizing drum beats and we’ll use it along with the coin example to show how to alter the beat through rotation. Sight reading polygon notation is simply counting the beats with a pat of the hand for each red dot.

To perform the rotation, imagine that the circle is similar to a clock face and the triangle rotates at the center much like an hour hand. We want to rotate the triangle clockwise so the beat on point 7 moves forward to point 1. This rotation in turn pushes beat 1 to point 3 and beat 2 to point 6. It is the equivalent of moving the last two coins to the front of our coin chain.


Now we have a totally new pulse/beat for the measure. It carries the same balanced rhythm, we’ve just offset the pulses through rotation. As we have 3 hits in the 8 beat measure, we can perform the rotation once more for a final variation. So your number of hits represents the number of rotations, or unique beats, that are possible. This is not the case for fully balanced rhythms like a solid quarter note hit for each beat in a 4/4 measure because each rotation simply returns you to the same rhythm.


Mixing It Up

So now that we have the fundamentals down for creating a basic beat, let’s explore some other concepts by repeating the algorithm, combining rotations across kit pieces, and also combining different algorithm results into the same polygon notation structure. As mentioned earlier, the Euclidean Algorithm is well suited (along with rotations) when you want a balanced beat. If you want to mix things up a little, there are two options at your disposal.

Scrambling the Source

The first option is to start by scrambling the initial “coins” in various ways. For instance shifting coins 2 and three


Results in the following beat with two strong quarter notes, a rest then a final quarter.


You can also get a little more uncomfortable by removing the first beat like this:


Which results in a starting rest but otherwise strongly 4/4 aligned beat with an 1/8th accent


Re-Folding The Results

The other method at your disposal is simply performing the same Euclidean Algorithm on the final result, a process I call re-folding. So you’ll take the initial seed of 3 and 5:


Perform the algorithm to create the beat:


Then perform the algorithm once again on the result which provides us with this beat:


Combining Results for Drum Beats

Finally, you can use all of these processes in various ways to create full drum beats. In the following examples the red lines are the kick, the blue is the snare, and the green is the high hat. These are all Euclidean derived beats mixed together to create interactions across the pieces of the kit. This example is the same rhythm with one rotation per instrument.


This example combines a E(3,8) (shorthand notation for a Euclidean 3, 8 rhythm), E(5,8) and E(4,8) into one rhythm:


You can also, of course, expand into E(7,16) and other frameworks. See? Told you there was no math. Now I realize these final examples aren’t very musical but once you start to experiment with the rotations you’ll start to uncover beats that aren’t as “lock step” and have a unique sense of fluidity.

I hope this has given you some great ideas on creating new beats to experiment with in your own work.

Using Generics, TObjectList, and TComparer in Delphi to Detect Component Display Order

I haven’t really posted a lot of Delphi programming posts but recently happened upon a combination of concepts that really take the work out of determining the sort order of components on screen. Since I generally start a whole new project to work through a concept I had everything I needed for a quick post and decided to share it. This code was originally written in Delphi XE2 but still holds true in Delphi XE7.

Let’s say you have a series of TPanel or TButton components you allow the user to drag and drop in whatever order they desire. You now want to know their order from left to right to store as a preference or execute a series of tasks based on that order. One way to determine this would be to iterate all of the components for the proper type, assemble the components into a list or multidimensional array with the name and left property, then perform any number of sort routines to output the result to a new array based on min to max left values. Using Generics, a TObjectList, and TComparer will make simple work of this task.

I’m not going to get into the in-depth description of generics because the Delphi help explains it in far more depth than I’m willing to re-explain. In this example all you need to know is that we are going to use generics as a type parameter to TObjectList, thus creating a list of a specific type of object with which we can then easily interact without additional typecasting. In this case we will create an object list of buttons (TButton type) then be able to treat them as a collection of items without having to do anything overly funky like TButton(FindComponentByWhatever).SomeProperty.

We will also couple this with the use of TComparer to sort the items in the object list by a property value with little to no additional effort.

Create a form containing a TPanel with 5 buttons and purposely create them out of order. To avoid alot of code about drag and drop we’re just simulating that somebody moved the buttons around. Add a listbox and a single button labeled ‘List Buttons.’


When the button is clicked, a TObjectList with the type of buttons will be created. We will then loop over the TPanel controls, adding each into the button list. A loop is used to show the current control order as found via code. We then use the Sort function of the TObjectList passing a TComparer function to compare the left property of each button in the list. A final loop then shows us the actual left to right order of the buttons in the TPanel.

unit Unit1;


  Winapi.Windows, Winapi.Messages, System.SysUtils, System.Variants, System.Classes, Vcl.Graphics,
  Vcl.Controls, Vcl.Forms, Vcl.Dialogs, Vcl.StdCtrls, Vcl.ExtCtrls,   Generics.Collections,

  TForm1 = class(TForm)
    Panel1: TPanel;
    Button1: TButton;
    Button2: TButton;
    Button3: TButton;
    Button4: TButton;
    Button5: TButton;
    ListBox1: TListBox;
    Button6: TButton;
    procedure Button6Click(Sender: TObject);
    { Private declarations }
    { Public declarations }

  Form1: TForm1;


{$R *.dfm}

procedure TForm1.Button6Click(Sender: TObject);
  // The <> allows us to set the Generics.Collection container of TObjectList
  // to a list of specific types. In this case, buttons
  ButtonList: TObjectList<TButton>;
  i: Integer;
  // clear the list
  // create the TObjectList Button collection
  ButtonList := TObjectList<TButton>.Create(false);
  // loop over each control in the Panel
  for i := 0 to Panel1.ControlCount-1 do
    // if the control is a TButton, add it to the list.
    // It should be noted that the buttons will be added to
    // the list in their native creation order (button1, 2, 3, etc)
    if Panel1.Controls[i].ClassType = TButton then

  // loop the button list and show the natural order in the listbox
  for i := 0 to ButtonList.Count-1 do

  // now create a TComparer object for TButton/ButtonList
  // we pass the TButton then set the result by comparing
  // the Button.Left positions. L - R here will sort (when given
  // left property) left to right buttons. If R-L we get the opposite
   function (const L, R: TButton): integer
     result := L.Left - R.Left;

  // now loop the list (it is now sorted) again and the list box will
  // show the .Left position sorted buttons
  for i := 0 to ButtonList.Count-1 do


I’ve added a zip of the Delphi XE7 Project here for you to investigate on your own.

MIDI Pedalboard Pedal Design

In response to a recent comment I have provided the following layout for my pedal design for anyone interested.

I’m cheating on the pedal a bit and have no forward stop other than the actual potentiometer throw distance so there is the chance I could really do damage if I laid into a pedal. I had planned on adding stops at some point but just left it as is for now.

Dimensions and basic stats for the pedals.
Dimensions and basic stats for the pedals.

Here are some stats on the pedal layout


  • Length: 11 5/8 inches
  • Width: 3 1/2 inches
  • Pivot Point: 3 3/4 inches from the heel of the pedal.

Rack/Gear Position

  • The pin that holds the rack gear to the underside of the pedal is exactly 3 1/2 inches back from the toe.
  • As far as placement of the mating gear to the potentiometer I basically placed it to meet the rack when the pedal was parallel with the deck. On my design this means the center point of the potentiometer is 1 1/4 inches from the underside of the pedal

Pedal throw

  • Back of pedal will rest on the deck in toe up position where the underside edge of the top is 2 1/8 inches above the deck
  • In the toe down position the underside edge of the top stops at about 3/8 of an inch above the deck. A simple rubber footer would probably be an effective stop there.

Once you have everything assembled I would recommend sending the midi signal out to something like MIDIOX and testing the throw to find the zero point in the heel position.

Budget Studio Monitor Isolation Stands


As I’ve been finishing up the final components of my personal studio I started looking at my studio monitor floor stands. With how I have the studio currently arranged I literally backed myself into two corners. I just can’t put the monitors where they need to be using the floor stands… slightly in line with the computer displays and pointed in towards the center seating position. My desk is just huge and it leaves no room on the sides or even behind to get proper placement.

I compared a few different solutions and came away with a few standard ways studio monitors are deployed. Of those there are some pros and cons to each method. Mostly they all lead to a discussion about isolation which is simply a fancy way of stating that you want to reduce the influence the monitors have on every solid surface they touch. This reduces vibration transfer and provides the cleanest sound possible from your speakers.

The most common monitor placement methods are as follows:

Wall Mounts

These are usually limited to specific manufacturers and models where compatible mount kits are available. As the name suggests… you bolt the stand to the wall and the monitor to the stand. The solution is somewhat permanent as you only end up with minor adjustment methods. As far as isolation is concerned the only point of vibration transfer is the mounting rod between the monitor and wall. With an interior wall of less density this can create some low frequency oddities.

Studio Desks

Many commercial studio desks (from entry level all the way to commercial desks with a meter bridge) have at-height shelving to accommodate one or more studio monitors. Slap the monitors on the desks and you’re ready to go. The fallback to these solutions is that the monitors are placed directly on the desk surface which causes two specific issues. The first potential issue is vibration transfer to the entire body of the desk. The second issue is sound reflection. Depending on the design of the speakers and placement on the stand the sound waves can find an immediate spot to throw early reflections of the sound waves. In my case I do not have a multi-tier desk so this isn’t an option for me.

Floor/Desk Stands

Floor stands offer many great benefits. Properly constructed they have nearly no contact with a source of vibration short of the stand itself and can be placed above and away from any desk avoiding immediate reflection issues. There is some bass transfer into the stand itself and may only be of concern if the stand is hollow and/or the floor is not very rigid or has a large air gap between floors, etc.

When it comes to after-the-fact isolation of speakers in these deployments the focus is most often on studio desks more than floor stands but both are solved by isolation which comes in two flavors: absorption and minimizing contact. Some solutions combine both techniques.


The primary material of choice used for absorbing the vibrations caused by studio monitors and reducing the vibration transfer to the studio desk or stand surface is quite simply foam. There are a few different commercially available solutions out there but essentially there is a block or wedge of slightly denser acoustic foam placed between the monitors and base.

Minimizing Contact

The second method for reducing vibration is to reduce the total amount of contact shared between the monitor and the desk or stand. This is often handled by a matrix of vertical cones or pipes (usually covered in a rubber material) that reduce the total surface area on which the monitor rests.

Think of your car on four tires. There is a very low amount of surface area shared between your car and the road, In many cases the minimized contact of monitors is augmented by a way to ‘float’ the points of contact through a dampening material as well. So again… just like your car makes minimal contact with the road through the rubber and air-filled tires, the ride is smoother and quieter when shock absorbers are added to the mix.

After comparing all the solutions I decided the IsoAcoustics solutions looks the most promising but considering all the other expenses of putting my studio in order (along with Christmas, children, etc, etc) I can’t help but go DIY and see what I can do to get a good compromise for minimal cash.

Off we go…

The IsoAcoustics Design


I have to admit I love the way these puppies look and I know I’m not going to get an exact technical match. The point of this build is to get good isolation on the cheap. The IsoAcoustics design appears to essentially surround the posts in shock absorbing rubber, use a cupped seating point to contact the monitor, and utilize rubber feet to isolate the stand from the desk. My goals for the build are similar:

  • Minimize contact between the monitors and stands
  • Minimize contact between the stands and the desk
  • Apply some form of dampening inside the stand frame
  • Apply some form of absorption at the contact points

The Materials


I purchased 100% of the build materials for this project from my local home improvement center and here is the shopping list:

  • 4 x Five Foot ½” PVC Pipes
  • 16 x ½” PVC Side Outlets (90 degree corners with a vertical couple)
  • 8 x 2 pack 1 inch Auto Body panel plugs
  • 1 Pack of 16 furniture gripper pads
  • 16 5/8” wire grommets
  • 1 Can of spray foam insulation
  • 1 Can spray paint

Materials ran me around $40.00 total with $7.00 sucked up in spray foam and paint. Not counting paint and foam cure time each stand takes about 15-20 minutes to assemble.

The Build

We start by determining the height of our monitors on the desk. I wanted a full ten inches of clearance between the desk top and monitor.

Cut 8 PVC pipes to a length taking into account the length of the coupler minus the internal flange and the 1/2 on each end for the rubber feet and spacers. Next determine the width and depth of the stand frame to determine how many of the 16 (if width and depth match) or 8 and 8 (if width and depth differ) horizontal bars to cut from the remaining PVC stock. I decided to go square and ended up with 16 bars when coupled measured a total of 8 ¼ inches.


Cut all PVC lengths as required. Make sure the lengths are absolutely as close as possible to each other in length to reduce the chances of the stands being crooked. If you have a pipe cutter you are golden, if you have a miter box you’re fantastic, if you just have a saw, take your time and measure/cut carefully. Using a utility knife or sandpaper remove all burring from the cut ends.


Now take a box, place the end of each pipe in it, and shoot the pipe full of the insulation foam. The box is just to catch any foam that might shoot out at first blast. If any gets on the outside edge (not the end) now might be a good time to wipe it off with a rag just to save some cleanup later on.


Set aside all pipes to dry and cure per the instructions. Clean the nozzle immediately… you are going to need it again soon.


While the pipes are curing use a punch or nail and place a starting divot in the center of the round mark on each PVC coupler.


Now use a small drill bit to ensure a good pilot hole…


Then use a 5/16” drill bit and drill a hole in each coupler at the divot.

Using a utility knife cut any foam that has expanded out of the pipes. Ensure the pipe face is cleaned of all remaining residue. It may be easiest after cutting to just rub the facing down with some sandpaper.


Now assemble the stands keeping the drilled openings on the top and bottom of the vertical limits of the stand. Use a level surface and a level on the stands to ensure everything is even. Use a rubber mallet or tap a piece of wood on top of the coupler with a hammer to ensure the pipes are fully mated to the couplers. You can choose to PVC glue the stands together but considering the short runs and amount of weight on the stands I think this would be overkill.


Now inject each hole with the spray foam insulation and wait again for the foam to cure. Wipe any excess away immediately to keep the finish smooth for painting. After the foam has cured cut away any excess that may have continued to ooze out with a razor or utility knife.


If you plan to paint the stand, do so at this time with your color of choice and give it plenty of time to cure so you don’t mar the finish in the final steps.


Using a nail or awl punch an inch into the foam through each coupling hole. The point here is simply to provide a large enough pilot hole for the body mounts that is also small enough so the ‘teeth’ on the mounts have something additional to grab onto.


Now place a rubber washer or grommet on each body mount then peel the adhesive from a gripper pad and place it on the flat face of the body mount.


Push each mount into the coupler mounting hole until the washer/grommet is touching both the mount and coupler. That’s it. You are done.


Here we have the near-final view of our stands.


And now the final view in their new home.

The Construction Theory

Basically the idea behind this build was to use a lightweight yet easy to manipulate and assemble material for this project. PVC was chosen but I wanted to avoid any resonance issues with the hollow tubing so I filled the tubing with insulating foam which would dampen the chambers while not adding too much rigidity.


In addition, I didn’t want to simply build a PVC cube and provide larger contact surfaces so using the body mounts provided some additional isolation while the rubber grommets reduced contact vibration with the frame and grippers reduced contact vibration from the monitors.

The Final Verdict

I am happy with the result and it’s a bonus to have the monitors where I so desperately wanted them placed. I can also tell the isolation does work. If they are as good as a commercial solution I cannot say but I am certain they are better than simply placing them on the desk, or on a box, etc. There is definitely a difference in bass response when I compare mixes with the speakers direct on the desk vs using the isolators.

So there you have it… go forth and isolate!

Constellation – MIDI Pedalboard Extension

One more quick post for the day. Awhile back I posted about a secondary pedalboard I had been working on. I completed it a few weeks ago and have been working out some kinks. Here’s a shot of ‘Constellation’ sitting in front of my original ‘BigFoot’ pedalboard. I’ll have a post about the construction and wiring of Constellation in the next few weeks and hopefully some audio samples showing off just exactly why I need all those blasted buttons.

MIDI Pedalboard Mechanical Upgrade

This is just a quick post today… lots of things going on. Awhile back I finally got around to upgrading one mechanical aspect of my MIDI pedalboard. Originally I had used a piece of flat aluminum and a wire grommet to obtain a friction/pressure point against the back of the pedal gear rail. This was the original design…

The overall problem with this design was that it was either spot on perfect where it needed to be, or off a little and caused the pedal to drift. Under the weight of the pedal when flipped upright I would find that the gear would continue to rotate. In other words, the friction point where the wire grommet met the back of the gear rack wasn’t firmly mounted and couldn’t be adjusted. So after a few long walks through the local hardware store I came up with this little gem:

The new design is much better. What I’ve done here is mounted a 90 degree steel plate on the board then mounted the wire grommet against a screw with a lock nut. Then the screw is mounted to the steel plate with a set of lock nuts. With this design I was able to adjust the pressure of the wire grommet against the rack simply by altering the back lock nuts to reposition the screw. The pedals now stay in a fixed position when I lift my foot.

Multi-Option Dunlop GCB-95 Modification

This is a writeup on the extensive modifications I have made to my GCB-95 in order to provide a wide variety of sounds beyond the stock pedal.

While I heavily utilize IK Multimedia’s AmpliTube for my guitar rig there are times where I want to use outboard gear as well. After completing my Amplitube MIDI Controller I was literally left with a shell of a Dunlop Cry Baby GCB-95 pedal. I used the gear mechanism from the pedal to prototype the mechanics of my MIDI board then ended up stealing the bypass switch for a power button on a clean amp project.

After a few other projects this (aside from the circuit board and potentiometer not pictured) was all that was left:

When I started this project the intent was simply to get the OEM replacement parts and put the pedal back to stock shipping operations. As I looked at the replacement parts it started to become apparent that the existing circuit board could accept alterations such as replacement inductors and after some more digging online I found countless circuit board modifications to the GCB-95. Most all of the mods appeared to be one-way where the only way to ‘roll back’ to the original stock features was to replace all the parts. In addition, I didn’t see too many people trying to increase options for the inductors so I ultimately decided to combine many of the upgrades into one pedal. I had three primary goals for this project:

  •     I wanted the ability to switch between stock and mod settings
  •     All components needed to fit in the pedal casing
  •     The battery compartment could not be used for additional component storage

It took a few days but I was able to take on the project one phase at a time and ultimately get exactly what I was looking for. As always keep in mind that I am not a road-warrior musician so my projects have silly characteristics like switches sticking out of the side of a pedal that could easily be sheared right off by overzealous stage antics. Before I jump into the how-to I’ll go ahead and give you a look at the final product with a description of the features.

Left side of the pedal with a simple toggle to switch the voicing of the wah sweep. This basically toggles between the stock capacitor and a replacement for a more defined lower to midrange sweep.

Right side of the pedal with three toggles for midrange boost, gain boost, and vocal shaping. The three way switch near the heel provides access to the stock inductor, yellow vintage Fasel, and modern red Fasel inductors.

Two more notes before we dig in. The decision to include an inductor switch was made later on in the build after alot of the circuitry had already been reinstalled. You may want to do all the casing modifications first but if not, be aware you could end up with aluminum dust or shavings in the circuitry. Simply shop-vac or compressed air blast the casing clean in either case to avoid any shorting out of the circuitry. Additionally this mod does NOT send any of the signal to a buffering resistor on switching of the added features so it will most definitely ‘pop’ on switching as the capacitor discharges. You’ll want to throw the pedal into bypass or put down a volume/mute switch on the amp side of the pedal before toggling options… especially if you’re on a live and fully loaded amp.

If you just want to know the changes made, here is the baseline schematic:

Start by removing the wiring harness at top, 1/4 inch jack screws on the outside body, and mounting screw on the lower right of the board. Then remove the board and de-solder each of the following components from the stock circuit board.

L1 – The stock inductor. Save this component. IMPORTANT! … mark the component in some manner which helps you recall the position BEFORE you remove it. For instance you cannot see it here but I put mark on the side of the inductor near the area of the board that has L1 printed on it. This told me where the bottom right corner of the inductor should go. This will help you know how to correctly wire the inductor later.
R5 – Resistor controlling vocal shaping. Toss this.
R1 – Resistor controlling midrange. Toss this.
R9 – Resister controlling gain. Toss this.
C5 – Capacitor controlling the ‘sweep’ of the wah sound. Toss this.

This leaves us with a clean board:

Next we’ll work on the casing a little to hold 4 DPDT (Double Pole, Double Throw) miniature toggle switches.

The smaller the better when it comes to these switches because there isn’t alot of space in the casing.

The right side of the pedal is best for multiple switches given that when the potentiometer is placed in the housing there isn’t too much clearance on the left side. You’ll want to be ultra aware of the switch body size and proximity to the 1/4 jack mount flange (shown left) and rubber foot mount (shown right). Aesthetically your best bet is to mark the mounting position of those two holes first, then simply split the distance between them for the middle switch. The pedal base is cast aluminum which is very easy to drill. I recommend using a punch to set the center for drilling and starting with a smaller pilot hole to ensure the larger bit doesn’t travel when you start drilling the final mounting holes. For the sweep capacitor switch on the left side, simply match the position of the hole closest to the 1/4 inch jack to keep clear of the potentiometer base.

Outside shot of the housing showing the mounting holes running parallel with the top of the pedal base.

A quick fit-test to ensure the switches are not going to give us any issues.

Note the ample clearance between the circuit board and how the switch leads are just inside of the cut out area (rounded rectangle) for the gear assembly. Smaller switches that stay inside that area won’t interfere with the potentiometer.

Now remove each switch. Solder 2 leads about 6 inches long to the center terminals on each switch then getting the leads on the resistors and capacitors as close to the external terminals on the switch as possible, create the following switch combinations:

  • Switch One (Midrange): 2 six inch center leads with a 2.2kOhm (R-R-R-Gold) resistor across the terminals on one side of the switch and a 1.5kOhm (B-G-R-Gold) resistor across the opposite terminals of the switch.
  • Switch Two (Vocal Shaping): 2 six inch center leads with a 47kOhm (Y-V-O-Gold) resistor across the terminals on one side of the switch and a 33kOhm (O-O-O-Gold) resistor across the opposite terminals of the switch.
  • Switch Three (Gain): 2 six inch center leads with a 270Ohm (R-V-B-Gold) resistor across the terminals on one side of the switch and a 390Ohm (O-W-B-Gold) resistor across the opposite terminals of the switch.
  • Switch Four (Sweep): 2 six inch center leads with a 0.01uF capacitor across the terminals on one side of the switch and a 0.022uF capacitor across the opposite terminals of the switch.

Remember to mount the components as close as humanly possible to the terminals (note the image above) because you need to ensure they will not make contact with the mechanical components on the gear side of the potentiometer or the leads on the opposite side.

Now remount the toggle switches in the case and shape the leads to run as close to the casing walls as possible before falling between the 1/4 inch jacks and inductor space. I should point out here that I didn’t pay too much attention to the placement of the toggles with respect to the original resistor and capacitor values. It would probably be a good idea to put them all either towards the toe end or heel end of the pedal so when all switches point in the same direction you know you have reverted the pedal to ‘stock’ mode.

Cut another pair of 8 inch leads. Trim all toggle leads to as short a length as practical to keep wiring runs as short as you can and hook up the toggle leads and spare 8 inch leads as follows:

  • Switch One (Midrange): Solder leads to R1
  • Switch Two (Vocal Shaping): Solder leads to R5
  • Switch Three (Gain): Solder leads to R9
  • Switch Four (Sweep): Solder leads to C5
  • 8 Inch Leads: Referencing the image above solder the leads to the two holes on the left inside the inductor outline. Basically look to the right of R5 and connect to the two leads inside the larger circle but just to the left of the larger drilled hole in center of that circle. Leave the opposite ends loose for the time being.

Now remount the board to the casing with the single screw to the lower right.

Now it’s time to mount the inductors. Above you’ll see the stock black inductor and the aftermarket red and yellow Fasel inductors. It took me a little time to figure out how to jam these things in the pedal along with that massive switch but here is what I ultimately ended up doing.

The heel of the casing is practically the only place that all three inductors and an additional switch can be placed. After staring at this void for awhile I realized that just below that battery foam is a totally unused screw mount. This image was taken right after that discovery because there was also a much longer screw protruding from the nut just to the right of that mount point. Take a pair of pliers, grab that screw end and give it a couple of to and from tweaks. It will snap off right at the nut base.

Now find yourself some sort of non-conductive material and cut it to cover a majority of the void in the heel of the casing. In this case I used a semi thick sheet of plastic from some kind of binder. Those lightweight 1/2 inch vinyl binders with snap rings come to mind. The key is to just find something that a sharp wire or component lead will not easily puncture.

Next you are going to need a really short 6-32 screw… the same length as the one that holds the circuit board in place. If you can’t find one short enough just run a nut onto a 3/4 or longer 6-32 screw then using a hacksaw or bolt cutters, lop off the additional length. Running the nut back off of the screw will re-cut any damaged threading, making it easy to use the screw on the mounting hole.

Now find yourself a 1 3/4 inch square circuit board (set with copper solder points on the opposing side will help) and test fit the board using the mounting screw. This particular board came from Radio Shack and just happens to be a perfect fit all around… with the exception of that top notch which I will now explain.

As mentioned in the start of this post one of my requirements was to ensure I didn’t intrude on the existing pedal functionality… that included the battery compartment. The Dunlop Wah has this funky clip on the battery compartment that ends up taking up some real estate and just happens to run right along the line of that mounting screw. So using some nibblers and a file, I removed enough material to ensure the battery clip would still fit as expected.

You don’t need much clearance here… just enough to prevent the battery clip from pushing down the newly mounted circuit board.

And here is where things got tricky. You see the black inductor? It’s ever so slightly too tall to clear the bottom of the pedal… it sticks out if you look from the side so the bottom plate cannot be put on the pedal. If you look on the OEM circuit board between the 1/4 inch jacks you’ll see that there is a big hole drilled in the board.

The OEM inductor has a flange at the bottom. You’ll need to drill the circuit board to allow this flange to slide into the board. It will help get the clearance you need. Now for the next problem. The Fasel inductors mount vertically taking up even more room than the OEM inductor.

Using a pair of needle nose pliers gently (and I do mean GENTLY) bend the terminals right at the edge to move them into a 90 degree position. Do this for both the read and yellow Fasel inductors. You need to be super careful here because if you snap off the terminal you’re done and if you look on the opposite side of the plastic mount you’ll see just how thin and fragile the inductor wire really is.

If you did it right, the Fasel should now mount horizontally on the circuit board.

Temporarily Solder the inductors in the following configuration, keeping the OEM aligned the same as before. Remember I marked the lower right corner earlier which means I mounted this with the lower right corner mark towards the bottom right of the heel and picture in this photo. Now we move on to the switch. Notice from the previous picture how long the terminals are on the switch? Notice how close the lower mounting hole is to the rubber foot mount? This is going to be tight. Start by using wire cutters and trim off to the top half of the switch terminals. If you notice you’ll see additional mounting holes close to the body that we can use. We need that real estate or the battery will either not fit, or will shor the contacts on the switch.

Measure the height of the switch using a ruler or caliper.

Now pick a drill bit just slightly larger than that.

This step is a little tricky as you have to look at the inside and outside of the casing to get it just right but place the switch in the leftmost throw and set it on the body where if you were to drill through and place a nut on the backside, it would not interfere with that mounting post. The Dunlop is painted with powder coat so it’s easy to scratch. Scratch a mark at the outside edge of the switch then carefully move the slider to the far opposite throw point and make a mark on that outside edge as well.

I got a little carried away here but scratch a line parallel to the top of the pedal body then punch three holes at points where the drill bit will meet the left top, top, and top right edges of the mark from a dead center drill on the punch marks.

Drill pilot holes first with a 1/8 inch or smaller bit. This will help keep the larger bit from traveling too far on the final sizing run. After the pilot holes have been drilled, switch to your selected bit and open up the slot by drilling into each pilot hole.

You’ll need to use a smaller file at first to knock out the ‘points’ between the holes.

Once you have gained enough space, a larger file will fit and definitely speed up the job. Check your work often with both the caliper/ruler and actual switch to ensure there is clearance for the throw on all sides.

Once you are happy with the clearance place the switch on the outside of the body with the slider pointing in. Hold firmly while ensuring the slider moves effortlessly down the channel then make to registration marks in the mounting holes and drill for the mounting screws.

As you can see the final mounted switch with trimmed terminals and short screws/nuts will keep clear of the 9volt ‘zone’

Wire all inductors as indicated in this schematic:

The completed mod. Note the black wire ties used on the inductors just to help add stability and wire ties across all added wiring to keep things clear.

Everything works great so far. As mentioned earlier this mod does NOT send any of the signal to a buffering resistor on switching of the added features so it will most definitely ‘pop’ on switching as the capacitor discharges. You’ll want to throw the pedal into bypass or put down a volume/mute switch on the amp side of the of the pedal before toggling options… especially if you’re on a live and fully loaded amp.

In an upcoming post I’ll show the features of the mods with some sound samples, etc.